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What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of more than 100 naturally produced molecules called cannabinoids and found in the Cannabis Sativa L plant.
It is an active ingredient that, by regulating some mechanisms, helps to restore homeostasis, i.e. the ability our body has to self-regulate, keeping all the body’s functions in balance with each other.
What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?
Hemp and Cannabis (or Marijuana) are two names used separately simply by convention, i.e. to more easily define two different uses: the term Hemp refers to the variety – selected – with a low percentage of THC used to produce supplements, food (seeds, oil, flour), textiles, bio-fuel, paper, cosmetics, recreational products… while the term Cannabis refers to the variant rich in THC and therefore entailing psychoactive effects.
Part of the Cannabaceae family, Hemp, which we remember humans have been cultivating for thousands of years, can be subdivided into three subspecies: Ruderalis, Indica and Sativa, the one we are dealing with.
Is CBD legal?
Legally, anyone is free to purchase products containing CBD, the only rule concerns the THC values to be respected. At CBD Alchemy we only deal with hemp varieties Inflorescence of Cannabis Sativa L. registered in the EU catalogue of permitted varieties (for further information please see Case C-663/18 – European Court – Judgment 938/2020) and therefore with a THC level below the legal limit of each country.
In most European countries the legal limit is 0.2% THC, in Italy the cultivation of “legal inflorescences” of Cannabis Sativa L. for the production of various products – including oils – is regulated by law 242/2016, which expressly recognized their legal use within the limits of the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) active ingredient content of less than 0.5%.
Those based on CBD fall within the so-called products for “technical use” category: in other words, the law does not give a precise indication of their use and therefore, since it does not make explicit reference to the prohibition of smoking it (nor, on the contrary, to the possibility of doing so) any eventual use is – in fact at – personal discretion.
Since 2018, CBD has also been removed from the list of controlled substances by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and therefore – although the rules may vary depending on where you compete – even athletes can take advantage of CBD’s many beneficial effects on muscle recovery.
How is CBD used?
Cannabidiol can take many forms, such as oil, herbal teas, creams, capsules or vaporised; the oil in particular, which comes in dropper bottles for waste-free use, is very suitable for topical treatment. For example, by applying a few drops directly onto the affected area and having it absorbed with a gentle massage.
A popular method used overseas, where laws allow its direct use, is to apply the oil directly under the tongue.
What are the benefits of using CBD oil?
CBD, acting on an unbalance in our endocannabinoid system does not act on a specific pathology, but rather tends to generate a number of positive effects for the whole body by acting on an unbalance in our endocannabinoid system.
- CBD can have a soothing effect on joint pain and skin irritation.
- CBD can aid relaxation and therefore facilitate better rest.
- Due to its anti-inflammatory potential, it can be an excellent adjunct in the treatment of a variety of disorders.
- It can help protect the skin from oxidative stress on cells caused by free radicals and is therefore particularly suitable for anti-ageing skin care.
What quantity of CBD should I take?
Unfortunately, we are unable to provide dosage recommendations for CBD. “Start low and go slow” is a wise maxim. Here is an excellent website to assist you in learning more about the subject: https://cbddosagecalculator.com. As always, we advise consulting your physician.
Will CBD help my condition?
As above and in line with current regulations, we cannot claim CBD will help specific conditions. We encourage everyone to study more as research is currently developing exponentially, after being exceedingly slow for decades. We recommend the PubMed website as a great resource for medical research studies.
Why can't I find medical advice on the site?
The CBD-based products for sale on our site are low in THC, and therefore are not medicinal and cannot be used to treat or cure diseases.
Although research into its properties and potential new uses is still ongoing, the results of many studies suggest that CBD, due to its recognised properties (anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and relaxing), may be a beneficial natural principle for many problems.
Our advice, however, is to always consult your doctor before engaging in any decision by yourself.
Is CBD a natural or synthetic substance?
CBD is a 100% natural molecule. It is not obtained through a synthetic process but through an innovative ultrasound technique that guarantees a higher and gentler extraction yield than other methods and allows us to obtain a pure, complete and solvent-free product.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are molecules that, by linking with receptors of the Endocannabinoid System, protect the body from possible over-stimulation by generating calming and anti-inflammatory effects.
They may be endogenous, i.e. produced by the body, or exogenous, i.e. produced outside the body, such as those found in cannabis plants (called phytocannabinoids) and which we treat. Among the best known exogenous we find THC and CBD.
What is the endocannabinoid system?
Humans, like other mammals, have a self-regulating mechanism called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is responsible for many functions such as sleep or appetite, and modulates the immune system and its inflammatory response.
This system is made up of millions of receptors that interact with endocannabinoids, molecules produced by the body (for this reason, called endogenous) which protect the body from possible over-stimulation by generating calming and anti-inflammatory effects.
Often, however, when we push our bodies beyond its usual rhythms, internal cannabinoids often cannot do all the work on their own, so it is useful to supplement them with others from outside.
Does CBD alter the psychic state?
CBD does not alter the psychic state, is not addictive and is also commonly used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), CBD “is not addictive, produces no psychoactive or cardiovascular adverse effects, poses no individual or social risks, and has promising therapeutic uses” (WHO 2017).
Can CBD products be detected by a drug test?
No. CBD cannot be detected as the tests are designed to reveal the possible presence of THC and the level of THC within our products is always strictly below the limits set by current law.
If you have any doubts or need to assess particular situations, we recommend that you consult a professional.
Does CBD cause side effects?
In numerous studies and tests carried out on different dosages and methods of administration, no side effects have been reported.
In extremely rare cases and in any case linked to a high dosage (1,500 mg/day), some minor side effects such as diarrhea, fatigue and changes in appetite (more frequently a reduction rather than an increase) have been reported.
Can CBD be addictive?
To date, in both animal and human studies, no addiction problems related to CBD intake have been verified.
Do CBD Alchemy products contain THC?
While the percentage of CBD, as well as other active ingredients, varies from product to product and batch to batch, our products contain a percentage of THC that is always below the legal limits and therefore negligible; in some cases – such as Pure CPNP Oil – this is completely absent.
CBD and THC: what are the differences?
CBD and THC are the 2 main cannabinoids present in the Cannabis plant and although they are often confused, they are different molecules that generate different effects.
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol or delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol), although probably the best known, is only one of over 100 cannabinoids naturally present in the hemp plant, and is an active ingredient capable of generating psychoactive effects, which is why cannabis is still illegal in many countries around the world.
CBD (cannabidiol), on the other hand, is a component totally without psychoactive effects and boasts numerous properties, so much so that, in addition to being legal in practically every country in the world, it is increasingly being tested and used for medical purposes.
What are Flavonoids?
Flavonoids are a broad class of natural compounds widely distributed in the plant world and therefore also within hemp plants.
More specifically, we are talking about more than 6,000 different molecules – secondary metabolites – that perform various biological activities that are useful for our organism.
Although their beneficial effects have not yet been confirmed by the EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), studies carried out so far show that they are an excellent source of antioxidant substances capable of fighting the action of free radicals and consequently ageing.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are naturally occurring chemicals found virtually everywhere and in particular in plants (e.g. mint and citronella), foods (mangoes, lemons…) and essential oils.
In nature, their primary role is to protect vegetation from agents such as bacteria and parasites, but it is also thanks to them that we owe the presence of particular, unique aromas and flavours that characterise so many elements such as the pine aroma we find in forests or the typical aroma of cannabis plants within which over 200 different ones have been identified.
In hemp, terpenes are enclosed within trichomes, small mushroom-shaped glands located on the surface of leaves and flowers.
What is the difference between CBD and CBDA?
CBDa (cannabidiolic acid) is one of more than 100 cannabinoids present in the hemp plant and is the element from which, through a natural conversion process called decarboxylation that occurs during the Cannabis growth phase, CBD is obtained. CBDa can therefore be considered as the “purest form” of CBD.
In fact, all cannabinoids begin their ‘life’ as acids, and indeed, at an earlier stage, they all originate from a single ‘precursor’ cannabinoid, Cannabigerolic Acid (CBGa), which, during the development of the plant, is transformed into other cannabinoid acids, giving rise to THCa, CBGa, CBDa, etc., in turn the precursors of the better-known molecules of THC, CBG, CBD, etc.
Research is still in its beginning stages, but some scientists believe that CBDa is up to 10 times more effective than CBD.
About CBD Oils
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is a natural product that is made by mixing CBD extract with an Organic Vegetable Oil (Extra Virgin Olive Oil, HSO or MCT) necessary to promote its assimilation and which, depending on the type of product, is combined with other elements such as Vitamin E, Natural Flavours etc..
It is offered in different concentrations and is free of side effects as it has a level of THC that is absent or below the legal limits.
Why is CBD mixed with vegetable oil?
CBD is a molecule that the body assimilates with difficulty (as it repels water) and therefore it is necessary to mix it with a ‘carrier’ product to facilitate absorption.
MCT Oil (medium chain triglycerides – coconut oil), Hemp Seed Oil and Extra Virgin Olive Oil are therefore the bases used to increase the bioavailability of CBD extract as it combines easily with the healthy fats contained within.
The type of carrier oil does not change the efficacy of the product which lies – of course – in the presence and quantity of CBD present, the choice is therefore only personal.
What are HSO, MCT and EVO oils?
HSO – Hemp Seeds Oil
This is the oil that is extracted from hemp seeds using a special cold-pressing technique. It is rich in fatty acids, vitamin E and omega 3 and 6, and is used both in food and some cosmetics.
MCT – Medium Chain Triglycerides
MCT oil is a fat containing medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) obtained from coconut and palm kernel oils that has many beneficial effects on our body.
EVO – Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Extra virgin olive oil, to be defined as such, must be extracted from the fruit of the olive tree (Olea Europaea) through an extraction process carried out using only mechanical methods and must have an acidity level that never exceeds 0.8%.
Which oil is best for me?
Before buying a CBD oil, it is important to know the type of oil used for production. In CBD Alchemy, we offer 3 types of CBD oil, each made with a different composition.
CBD Full Spectrum Oil
CBD Full Spectrum Oil is a product that utilizes some of the phytochemicals naturally present in the Cannabis plant including cannabidiol, terpenes, flavonoids and, among other, THC.
CBD Broad Spectrum Oil
CBD Broad Spectrum Oil also contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds found within the hemp plant, with the exception of THC, which is removed.
Pure CBD oil
As its name reveals, pure CBD contains no other cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids.
What is Full Spectrum CBD?
CBD Full Spectrum Oil is a product that contains some of the phytochemicals naturally present in the Cannabis plant, including cannabidiol, terpenes, flavonoids and, among other cannabinoids, THC.
This oil enables the so-called “entourage effect”, i.e., the presence of active compounds within the plant causes them to act in synergy, mutually amplifying each other’s benefits to achieve a total effect that exceeds the simple sum of the individual effects.
What is CBD Broad Spectrum oil?
CBD Broad Spectrum Oil also contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds found within the hemp plant, with the exception of THC which is removed.
Since it is not present, CBD Broad Spectrum is therefore ideal for those who do not wish to come into contact with THC.
What is Pure CBD Oil?
As its name reveals, pure CBD contains no other cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids.
Purifying CBD requires a great deal of extra work but what you get is the most concentrated form of CBD possible so that it can reach a purity level of 99.9%.
Pure CBD oil is therefore a key element in being able to obtain a product with constant quality and flavour, regardless of the quantities of the components present in the plant from which it is extracted.
Pure CBD – as there is no trace of THC – is also a perfect solution for those who may be sensitive to Tetrahydrocannabinol or those who live in areas where laws regarding its presence are stricter.
What is the Entourage Effect?
It refers to the combined effect of the different substances contained in the Cannabis plant: studies report that the result of this combination creates a synergistic action that mutually amplifies the individual benefits, resulting in a total effect that exceeds the mere sum of the individuals.
What is CBG?
CBG (or cannabigerol), a phytocannabinoid among those most recently discovered, is by far one of the most important of those naturally present in the Cannabis plant.
CBG oil has been found to be particularly effective as a soothing agent and this has aroused a great deal of interest in the scientific community, so much so that more and more users around the world are taking advantage of its various benefits.
Research into its properties is still ongoing but it is very clear that CBG, in addition to its recognised antibacterial properties, like other cannabinoids promotes relaxation and rest.
How should I store it?
Prolonged exposure to light, heat and air causes the separation of the components of CBD oil and thus the concentrate loses its quality and aroma.
It is therefore important to protect the product, how? Our advice is to keep the oil in its original packaging, storing it in a dry and cool place, away from light and heat sources (e.g. in a cupboard or drawer). The ideal temperature for proper storage is between 6 and 20°C.
Please note that, at low temperatures, the consistency of the product may change: you may notice precipitated particles on the bottom; this is a normal phenomenon for all oils that does not affect its efficacy in any way and disappears as soon as the product returns to room temperature.
Is CBD oil suitable for vegans?
Absolutely. It is a 100% plant-based product.
Are your products Gluten Free?
Hemp plants are naturally gluten-free and there is also no danger of contamination as no other products are processed on the premises where the CBD is extracted or the oils are produced.
Can one get high on CBD oil?
No, it is not possible; CBD oil is a natural product and does not give any psychotropic effect.
Is CBD oil lab-tested?
To guarantee its quality, all products are constantly tested by external laboratories that check and certify the values of the cannabinoids present and the absence of any heavy metals.
Can it be used for massage?
CBD oil is proverbially known for its strong pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties, and countless physiotherapists and masseurs have in recent years chosen to use it for massages among the many plant oils and ointments that are commonly used.
Is CBD also suitable for pets?
An important adjuvant for humans, CBD oils also have multiple benefits for our animal friends of all sizes.
To help us ensure their optimal wellbeing and balance, we have a range entirely dedicated to them, made with top-quality oils also in fish or beef flavour.
An excellent ally of the most attentive veterinarians and breeders, CBD Oils are increasingly used as a valuable and natural aid both to soothe and prevent stress and discomfort, relaxing and alleviating itching and skin inflammation, and as an adjuvant in post-operative care, helping to reduce swelling, pain and muscle stiffness.
About CBD Hemp
What variety of cannabis do you use?
CBD Alchemy inflorescences are a certified product grown directly on our farms and intended for those who wish to benefit from the many properties that CBD offers.
We only process selected Cannabis Sativa L. genetics that are certified according to legal standards and therefore have high CBD (cannabidiol) and low THC content.
Is the hemp used organic?
Of course, our cannabis inflorescences are a certified product grown according to the highest standards of organic farming.
Our production chain applies the WHO guidelines of Good Agricultural Practices (GACP) ensuring a natural, pure product grown without the use of pesticides, herbicides or other contaminants.
Where do you grow your plants?
The Cannabis plants from which CBD is extracted to make our products are 100% Made in Italy, grown throughout the country and in particular in Sardinia, Lombardy, Sicily, Molise, Tuscany and Emilia Romagna.
What is the difference between Outdoor, Indoor and Greenhouse strains?
Outdoor, Indoor and Greenhouse simply indicate the 3 methods of cannabis cultivation.
Grown on our farms according to the highest standards of organic farming; in these flowers you will find the energy of the sun and all the power of nature.
Cultivated by experienced and passionate growers in an environment protected from the weather and where all growth parameters are strictly regulated and monitored 24 hours a day.
This type of cultivation gives incredibly compact flowers of exceptional quality.
A protected environment where controlled humidity, light and temperature create that perfect fusion of nature and science that ensures a superior product.
As the environment is controlled, this method does not require particular periods of the year for sowing and therefore growth times are shorter and harvests are multiple and abundant.
Are quality and safety guaranteed?
We are direct producers and only sell CBD products of the highest quality; each of our products is fully traceable and leaves our warehouses with its own Certificate of Origin and relevant Laboratory Analysis certifying its purity.
How and how long can it be stored?
If the cannabis buds are kept in a suitable environment with certain characteristics (away from light, air, humidity and high temperatures) the cannabinoids inside can be best preserved for up to 2 years.